Education Reform Reserve

  • Description
  • Funding History
  • Proposals

State school aid each year is based on enrollment levels in October of the previous year. However, there are situations where enrollment in particular districts rises dramatically during the course of a year, in ways that are not reflected in state school aid in the Chapter 70 formula. The Education Reform Reserve generally has very small amounts of money relative to the over $4 billion Chapter 70 program, to help districts compensate for significant swings in enrollment and other unforeseen circumstances.

Funding for the Education Reform Reserve has been sporadic, with no funding being provided during four of the fiscal years between FY 2010 and FY 2017. The program is not large enough to compensate for the significant mobility of students moving between schools and districts across the state. Changes in enrollment are also more likely in areas with large populations of students in transition, generally the same communities that have more limited capacity to provide additional resources and services for students. Large enrollment changes have also occurred in recent years when schools or districts merge or regionalize or conversely decide to withdraw from a regional district.

Updated August 2016

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